The Rhodope Mountains is an extremely interesting field where ethnic and confessional groups may be studied. Two main ethnic groups are represented there, Bulgarians and Turks. They profess basically two confessions: (Orthodox) Christianity and Islam (Sunni and Alevi). Among the professing Islam there are both Bulgarians and Turks. The intercultural communication between the various ethno-confessional groups are a very intriguing topic of research, and so is the syncretic culture created by them.
The field research in the Rhodope Mountains offers a great variety of topics to approach: religious rituals and ethnic identity, particularities of folklore (verbal, rite, musical, dance and plastic), traditional kitchen, handcrafts, traditional medicine, etc.